Updated: Apr 19
Here are some interesting facts about mangroves:
Mangroves are a type of salt-tolerant trees or shrubs that grow in tropical and subtropical intertidal zones. They are found in over 118 countries and territories around the world, covering an estimated area of over 152,000 square kilometers.
Mangroves are a critical part of coastal ecosystems, providing important habitat for a variety of marine and estuarine species, including fish, crabs, shrimp, and birds.
Mangroves are able to survive in harsh environments that are too saline, anoxic, and unstable for most other plant species. They are able to do this through a range of adaptations, including specialized root systems that allow them to breathe and filter salt from the water.
Mangroves are also important for carbon sequestration, with some estimates suggesting that mangrove ecosystems are able to store up to 10 times more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests.
Mangrove forests also provide important ecosystem services, including water filtration, erosion control, and protection against storm surges and other natural disasters.
Some species of mangroves have medicinal properties and are used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments.
The world's largest mangrove forest is the Sundarbans, which spans the border between Bangladesh and India and is home to the endangered Bengal tiger.
Mangroves are threatened by a range of factors, including coastal development, pollution, overharvesting, and climate change. Conservation and restoration efforts are critical to protect and restore these important ecosystems